Promoting health and disease prevention requires program planning to understand and explain health behavior. This requires us have the ability of identifying the problem or need and match the need to be addressed with an appropriate theory and model. There are several theories and models that support the practice of health promotion and disease prevention. Theories and models are used in program planning to understand and explain health behavior and to guide the identification, development, and implementation of interventions.

When identifying a theory or model to guide health promotion or disease prevention programs, our team take into consideration a range of factors, such as the specific health problem being addressed, the population(s) being served, and the contexts within which the program is being implemented. Health promotion and disease prevention programs typically draw from one or more theories or models.

In most cases, we draw our theories and models related to the health promotion and disease prevention programs by drawing inferences based on the following theories and models:

  • Ecological Models

  • The Health Belief Model

  • Stages of Change Model (Transtheoretical Model)

  • Social Cognitive Theory

  • Theory of Reasoned Action/Planned Behavior

Promoting Health and Disease Prevention

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